Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent. At about 30.3 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos.
It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states, nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population.
When to visit?
Africa typically experiences two seasons: wet and dry. The climate during these seasons can vary greatly according to a country’s topography, altitude and proximity to the coastline. This can have a huge impact on what travellers will be able to see and do during their vacation. Wildlife behaviour, park accessibility, temperature and appeal of beach hotspots are all dramatically affected by the rainfall or lack of it that accompanies Africa’s wet and dry seasons.
The best time to visit Africa shifts from south to east to north, depending on rainfall and wildlife. In Kruger National Park, the winter dry season falls between May and October when game viewing is at its best, but to catch East Africa’s Great Migration, you’ll need to travel between June and early September. Gorilla trekking in Uganda and Rwanda is year-round, but Jan-Feb and June-Sept are much cooler months.
Best hotels in Africa
Hotels may take on fantastic forms in Africa, they’re conjured from our wildest travel fantasies: glass cabins tucked away in dense forests, a vintage-chic train with a penchant for good wine, and a cozy riad hidden in the depths of one of the world’s most mysterious cities. A trip to Africa—from the foothills of the Sahara desert to the wilds of the savannah to the postcard-perfect beaches of the Indian Ocean—is a trip of a lifetime, choose your hotel to experience unforgettable moments on trip and have place to break.
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Need to know
Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu
Rand, pegged with Lesotho loti, Swazi lilangeni and Namibian dollar
220v and 230v/50 cycles; plugs have three round prongs
Nearby airports to Johannesburg
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Africa is one of the best travel destinations in the world. Here, you can enjoy crystal blue beaches, majestic wildlife, and a wealth of culture and history. The top reason for visitors coming to various destinations across the continent was leisure. Choose best destination to Africa for you.
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