South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
It includes twelve sovereign states, a part of France, and a non-sovereign area. In addition to this, the ABC islands of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, and Panama may also be considered part of South America. South America has an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers. Its population as of 2016 has been estimated at more than 420 million. South America ranks fourth in area and fifth in population. Brazil is by far the most populous South American country, with more than half of the continent's population, followed by Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela and Peru.
Its vast size and altitude contrasts means there is no single best time to visit South America. June, for example, offers cool, dry weather in Galapagos, steamy 30°C in the Amazon – but snow and ice will shut down much of southern Patagonia – which is best visited from Nov-Feb. Steep contour shifts can mean balmy temperatures on Chile's coast but snowy 5,000m chill just 100km away. September/October offers a good balance in many places, with generally comfortable spring temperatures and dry weather. But check specific locations – even within the same country – to help you set nature's thermostat to suit yourself during trips.
When to visit?
Best hotels in South America
South America is a continent that has some very interesting and beautiful locations. If you are looking for a city break or a rural retreat, there are plenty of options up and down the continent. It's not run-down hostels with rustic features. They are luxury hotels just as opulent as the best in the world. In search of for a magical break, then you may want to consider our proposal fewe stunning hotels.
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Top 10 Cities in South and Central America
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The South American continent is one of amazing places on earth. This is the land of crazy parties, epic surfing, sprawling cities, and wild landscapes including the Andes and the Amazon jungle. Use our list to plan your future travel route to South America.
South America capitals cities
This continent is characterized by substantial inequality in the economic development of countries. And the capital cities in south america often have higher standards of living compared to other towns.
Argentina with Buenos Aires • Bolivia with Sucre (judicial) and La Paz (administrative) • Brazil with Brasilia • Chile with Santiago • Colombia with Bogotá • Ecuador with Quito • Guyana with Georgetown • Paraguay with Asunción • Peru with Lima • Suriname with Paramaribo • Uruguay with Montevideo • Venezuela with Caracas
The list includes destinations directly targeted, but if that is not possible then the nearest available destination
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