Five of the most visited countries in Latin America
The hospitality and kindness of its inhabitants is not a myth, but a reality.
The Latin-flavored continent has virtually everything you could expect: vibrant cities, colonial towns, smoky volcanoes, impressive lakes, deep traditions and, above all, some of the friendliest people on earth.
Most visited countries in south US
Colombia is a country at the northern tip of South America. It's landscape is marked by rainforests, Andes mountains and numerous coffee plantations. In the high-altitude capital, Bogotá, the Zona Rosa district is known for its restaurants and shops. Cartagena, on the Caribbean coast, has a walled colonial Old Town, a 16th-century castle and nearby coral reefs.
Dramatic mountain scenery is found around the Eje Cafetero (also known as the Coffee Triangle), a laid-back region of coffee-plant-covered slopes and wild orchids, plus biking and horseback riding trails. There's rock climbing and hang gliding in Santander and whitewater rafting in the Barragán River rapids. Visitors can also explore the vast Amazon Rainforest (via regional hubs like Leticia). Near Santa Marta in the north are the ruins of Ciudad Perdida (also known as Teyuna), a “lost city” with ancient jungle-covered terraces. Close by, coastal Tayrona Natural Park offers diverse wildlife, snorkeling and surfing.
Peru is a country in South America that's home to a section of Amazon rainforest and Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains. The region around Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail and colonial city of Cusco, is rich in archaeological sites. On Peru’s arid Pacific coast is Lima, the capital, with a preserved colonial center and important collections of pre-Columbian art.
In southern Peru, vast Lake Titicaca (shared with Bolivia) offers sapphire waters and folkloric festivals at high altitude. The city of Arequipa is popular for outdoor recreation, such as climbing volcanoes and viewing Andean condors at Colca Canyon. The Sacred (Urubamba) Valley has many hiking, rafting and mountain-biking opportunities. In the southern desert, small planes fly visitors over the Nazca Lines, huge ancient pictograms. In the northeast, Iquitos is the gateway to Peru’s Amazon basin.
Chile is a long, narrow country stretching along South America's western edge, with more than 6,000km of Pacific Ocean coastline. Santiago, its capital, sits in a valley surrounded by the Andes and Chilean Coast Range mountains. The city's palm-lined Plaza de Armas contains the neoclassical cathedral and the National History Museum. The massive Parque Metropolitano offers swimming pools, a botanical garden and zoo.
Near Santiago, Valparaíso features beaches, resorts and La Sebastiana, one of several homes-turned-museums of poet Pablo Neruda. Patagonia, the rugged, sparsely populated southern region that extends into Argentina, offers hiking among the granite towers of Torres del Paine, glaciers and a steppe. Mountain resorts such as Portillo and Valle Nevado are popular for skiing and climbing. A major wine producer, Chile is home to dozens of wineries spread out over multiple regions. About 3,700km off the coast, isolated Easter Island is known for its giant, mysterious moai statues.
Bolivia is a country in central South America, with a varied terrain spanning Andes Mountains, the Atacama Desert and Amazon Basin rainforest. At more than 3,500m, its administrative capital, La Paz, sits on the Andes’ Altiplano plateau with snow-capped Mt. Illimani in the background. Nearby is glass-smooth Lake Titicaca, the continent’s largest lake, straddling the border with Peru.
Lake Titicaca can be explored by kayak, and catamarans carry passengers to rugged Isla del Sol, at its south end, featuring traditional villages and Incan ruins. Nearby is the pre-Incan site of Tiwanaku and its monoliths and underground temples. Further south, the otherworldly white expanse of the Salar de Uyuni salt flat can be observed from Incahuasi Island at its center. The tropical, biodiverse Yungas area, bordering the Cordillera Real mountains, is popular for hiking, as is the namesake volcano of Sajama National Park. Sucre, Bolivia's official capital, is known for its colonial architecture.
Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America with diverse natural attractions. Along its Caribbean coast are tropical resort islands including Isla de Margarita and the Los Roques archipelago. To the northwest are the Andes Mountains and the colonial town of Mérida, a base for visiting Sierra Nevada National Park. Caracas, the capital, is to the north.
The southeast’s Gran Sabana region features large stretches of savannah interspersed with imposing mesas called “tepuis,” and Canaima National Park, home of Angel Falls, billed as the world’s highest waterfall. Southeast of the Andes are Los Llanos, seasonally flooded plains whose distinct wildlife includes caiman, capybara, anaconda and many species of birds. In the south are vast expanses of Amazon rainforest, and to the east is the largely uninhabited Orinoco Delta, whose myriad rivers threading through dense rainforest are popular for adventure travel.
Latin America capital cities
This continent is characterized by substantial inequality in the economic development of countries. And the capital cities in south america often have higher standards of living compared to other towns.
Argentina with Buenos Aires • Bolivia with Sucre (judicial) and La Paz (administrative) • Brazil with Brasilia • Chile with Santiago • Colombia with Bogotá • Ecuador with Quito • Guyana with Georgetown • Paraguay with Asunción • Peru with Lima • Suriname with Paramaribo • Uruguay with Montevideo • Venezuela with Caracas
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